Vernonia arborea Buch.-Ham. ex Buch.-Ham., Trans. Linn. Soc. London 14(2): 218. (1824)

Latin for 'tree'.

Eupatorium javanicum Blume
Flustula tomentosa Raf. [Illegitimate]
Gymnanthemum acuminatum Steetz
Gymnanthemum arboreum (Buch.-Ham.) H.Rob.
Leucomeris glabra Blume ex DC. [Invalid]
Leucomeris javanica Blume ex DC. [Invalid]
Strobocalyx arborea (Buch.-Ham.) Sch.Bip.
Strobocalyx javanica (Blume) Sch.Bip.
Vernonia javanica (Blume) DC.
Vernonia vaniotii H.LÚv.

Sub-canopy tree up to 26 m tall and 40 cm dbh. Stipules absent. Leaves alternate, simple, penni-veined, usually with asymmetric base. Flowers ca. 2 mm in diameter, purple, placed in panicles. Fruits ca. 5 mm long, whitish, wind dispersed winged seed.

In disturbed places and secondary vegetations up to 1600 m altitude. Growing on all possible places, from swamps to riversides to hillsides and ridges.

Timber is used as firewood or for light indoor construction. Mixture of leaves is used to make a tonic for women after childbirth.

Tropical Asia. In Borneo found throughout the island.

Local names
Borneo: Bungkang, Entapong, Enteropong, Medang gambong, Merambung, Merembung, Mung balug, Njelamen, Tambong, Tepung-tepung.